The People Who Lived Here - 1880's

1881 Wales Census – Glamorgan – Gelligaer – District 1

TLaundresshe population had dropped by over 50% to just 195 in 39 households, leaving 22 properties empty. This radical reduction can be explained by the completion of the building of local railways, and the closure of the ironworks. The main employment for residents was now the Coal industry, with the other jobs listed being mainly taken by women, roles such as Seamstress, Housekeeper and Servant.

The Young family continues to be present with 24 members across 4 households, this time all linked with Pembrokeshire. Isaac Young and his wife Jane are now seen living at No 16, a house that the family is still associated with.

An exciting find on this census is Joseph Humphreys blue_link_icon.png, an 8 year old who was born in America!! The rest of his family were all born in Wales, including his older brother Thomas (14) and young sister Margaret Jane (3) showing that the family had moved to and returned from America during this period. The family is not present in Bute Town on the 1891 census, indeed they are not present on the UK census. Looking further afield it seems that the family returned to America in 1889, probably to Pennsylvania, where there was an extensive coal industry. IHumphries 1881t looks like the father, Evan Humphreys died in 1894 and the mother Margaret remarried and had more children, eventually dying in 1930 in America.

Ordnance Survey Map - 1880


Bute Town

A community of 48 houses built  along Collins Row, Middle Row and Lower Row in the late 1820's.

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© 2011. Can Do Team. Written by Kim Colebrook.