The People Who Lived Here - 1890's

1891 Wales Census – Glamorgan – Gelligaer – District 1

TRhymney Iron Company workershe Census in 1891 was the first to record the language spoken by the residents. This year there were 227 residents of whom 138 stated that they only spoke Welsh (17 spoke only English and 52 spoke both languages) – obviously babes in arms weren’t counted. The dominance of Welsh in the community, even with a lot of the younger residents, is a surprise as “The Welsh Not” blue_link_icon.png was used to discourage young children from speaking Welsh in school through the second half of the 19th century.

The majority of the residents were now born in Glamorgan, indeed 71 were born in Bute Town or Rhymney/Rhymney Bridge, indicating that a high proportion of the resident families were “settling down” rather than moving regularly in search of work. For instance, Isaac Young who lived at 16 Bute Town now had 6 children living with him aged 16 to 3, all of whom were born in Bute Town.

The Oakley family have arrived in Bute Town – Albert (44) from Stourbridge was a Signalman on the Railway, together with his wife and his 6 children had move to Bute Town within the last year from Dowlais. Phoebe Davies has also returned to the village and is living at 12 Collins Row with her Grand Daughter as a companion and 2 lodgers.

The majority were employed in the Coal industry. More children are at school and there is a Pupil Teacher and an Assistant Teacher amongst the residents. Other jobs undertaken by women included Service and Dressmaking.

Coal Miners

South Wales coalminers


Bute Town

A community of 48 houses built  along Collins Row, Middle Row and Lower Row in the late 1820's.

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© 2011. Can Do Team. Written by Kim Colebrook.