The Windsor Arms

The Windsor Arms appears on the earliest census return (1841) although it appears that it was originally built as a house. It was a tied house to the Rhymney Brewery and we are able to track many of the publicans and their families.

The Windsor Arms, Bute Town

The Publicans - from the beginning

1841 - The first publican noted on the first census in 1841 was 50 year old John Jones who live here with his wife Susannah and 3 children.

1851 - Daniel Davies and his 31 year old wife Phoebe are keeping the pub. They have 2 daughters (Jane, 12 and Mary, 1 month) and 3 sons (Edward, 9, John, 6, and James, 2) and a servant Mary Ann Davies.

1861 - Phoebe Davies has been widowed and has taken over the role of publican. Her father, Edward Jones an 83 year old widowed retired iron worker, is living with her, as well as James and Mary  (both scholars) and  house maid Anne, aged 18 who is also listed as “daughter”.

1871 - Phoebe has moved out of the pub and into Number 32, and the innkeeper is now Llewellyn Thomas with his wife Elizabeth and their 2 sons Henry and Stephen.

1881Thomas Price, 29 years old from Rhymney is the publican, with his wife 26 year old Mary and their children Agnes (8), Thomas (3) and Ann (2).

1891 - The inn keeper was 63 year old William Thomas from Merthyr Tydfil, his 61 year old wife Anne. They have a servant 18 year old Martha Ann Thomas from Ebbw Vale, a 10 year old grandson William John Thomas, an 8 year old granddaughter Margaret Thomas who are both scholars born in Ebbw

1901 - Evan Williams (37) is the publican and a farmer from Blaen Rhymney. His wife is 32 year old Margaret Williams and they have two children Ann (9) and David (8), both mother and children were born in Butetown. They all speak English and Welsh.

1911Rees  (44) and Eliza Harris (45) are landlords of the Windsor Pub in 1911, both born in Bedwellty parish and both speaking English and Welsh. (Interestingly they put Welsh down as their language on the census form, but the enumerator changed their entry to ‘both’ languages.) Their 25 year old widowed niece, Mary A Thomas and her 1 year old daughter who had been born in Bute Town,  are living with them at the pub, as well as their 20 year old son, William Rees Harris who worked as a collier.

20th century publicans

The Census returns allow us to track the publicans, but it is more difficult during the 20th century. Here are the names that we know of – if you know any others then please get in touch and we will add them to this family tree of Windsor Arms publicans.

1960s - (early) Ralph Edwards.

196? – 1968 - Joan Preece.

1968 - 1983 - Bryn and Muriel Owen.

1970s - ? - Edith and Bob Davies.

1995 to now - Teri and Terry Regis.

Bute Town

A community of 48 houses built  along Collins Row, Middle Row and Lower Row in the late 1820's.

Useful Links

The Rhymney Brewery website

The History of Brewing in Merthyr and Rhymney



A walk around Bute Town.JPG

© 2011. Can Do Team. Written by Kim Colebrook.